After the death of the elder James, every one knows whom Peter means when, in Acts 12:17, he says, "Go, show these things to James and to the brethren." (Comp. For the “brethren of the Lord,” see Note on Matthew 13:55. chap. “Plant them in the ground, and then for a moment look into this clear pool of water.” The king … More. Cana was on a higher elevation than Capernaum, though Capernaum was about13miles northeast of Cana. It is also important to understand the interplay between the present (liniar aktionsart) and the perfect tenses of this verse. Authoritative opinion is, however, decidedly in favour of Khan Minyeh.] John 7:5 we know that they were not. This Cleophas (John 19:25) is plainly called by Hegesippus the uncle of the Lord, B. View 1 John 2:12-14. His sisters in the flesh are mentioned in Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3. DD. When this Mary is, in Mark 15:40, called the mother of James the Less, and of Joses, it is here presupposed that in the Christian circle there were only two well-known men of the name of James,—viz., the Great, the son of Zebedee, who took the first position on account of his greater age in Christ; and the Less, the son of Alphaeus and Mary. After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days. There can be nothing between the soul and the Savior if we are to fellowship with Him. Jesus could therefore well leave them to themselves for some time. According to this passage, "Paul had intercourse in Jerusalem with the Apostles,—those who were then present in Jerusalem,—therefore, at least two. "It is entirely improbable," says Wieseler, on Galatians, p. 77 , "that Paul would here have designated the cousin of the Lord, James of Alphaeus, the Lord's brother, if there had really been besides him a natural brother of Jesus bearing the name of James. 17 , and further in John 15:13, John 21:18." Since Jewish weddings lasted a week it was necessary for the groom to have adequate provisions. gr., that Joseph, after the death of his brother Cleophas, had adopted his children. Encouragement to the Faithful. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, he, and his mother, and [his] brethren, and his disciples, He, and his mother, and [his] brethren, and his disciples, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-2.html. On the other hand, the following reasons are in favour of understanding by the brothers of Jesus His cousins. It was, therefore, a mode of characterizing and distinguishing this Mary, that she had a son James. In the Fourth Gospel Capernaum occupies a very subordinate place; the centre of the Judean ministry was Jerusalem. From Josephs not being mentioned, it has been rightly concluded, that he must have died between the twelfth year of Jesus, when he is last mentioned, Luke 2:42 sq., and His thirtieth year. “Went up” because Jerusalem was the capital, and because of its height (2500 feet) above sea level. App-6. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. Are the brothers of Jesus His own brothers, younger sons of Mary, or His cousins, sons of Alphaeus or Cleophas and Mary, who, according to John 19:25, was a sister of the mother of Jesus—either a full sister, or, as there is no instance of two full sisters bearing the same name, a sister-in-law? ", Jude designates himself in his epistle as the brother of James, and is sure of having by this means made himself sufficiently known. With respect to this, it was to be considered only, that no other sons were born before Jesus; what took place afterwards, was a matter of indifference for the present purpose of Matthew. Tell Hum was thought to represent Kefr Nahum (Nahumston); which, when it ceased to be a town and became a heap of ruins, might have been called Tell Nahum, and hence Tell Hum. When Matthew, in Matthew 1:25, calls Jesus the first-born son of Mary, there is in this no intimation of other sons, born afterwards. 1 John 2:12-14 12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his sake. "The brothers of Jesus," it is further said, "cannot be identical with the sons of Alphaeus, because in John 7:5 they are separated from the Apostles as still unbelievers." There was, therefore, after the death of James of Zebedee, only one James who was celebrated and generally known; and this can be no other than the second Apostle of this name, James of Alphaeus. The place of this sojourn in the order of events belongs to the narrative of the earlier Gospels, and here, as elsewhere, questions which recur are treated when they are first mentioned. Mark 3:18), James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, with the surname Thaddaeus, and Simon Zelotes, stand together. Blessings! After this he went down to Capernaum - said to be "down" because it lay on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. When Jesus left Capernaum and went to Jerusalem, the temptation by Satan had not yet taken place. A person who takes a maximum number of principles from the Word of God and applies them to his experience along the way is mature. John uses it only once outside 1 John (Jn 13:33). Spirituality is one thing but maturity is another. John 1:1-9 Snapshots of the Lord’s Life. He, and his mother, and his brethren. The idea of Mary"s perpetual virginity first appeared in the second century. John 2:12. The residence of John's father, Zebedee, is nowhere expressly noticed. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. In Acts 15:13, it is said, "James answered," without any other further addition to guard against confounding the two. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Perhaps a closer connection existed, which we may imagine in various ways; ex. John 1:46-47. Augustine, for example, says, "Num enim Maria iterum peperit? Note on Matthew 4:13. He gives only paraleipomena. "The brothers of Jesus," it is said, "had in part different names from the sons of Alphaeus and the cousins of Jesus, since two sons of Alphaeus are called James and Joses, Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40; while the brothers of Jesus, Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, are called James and Joseph, according to the critically revised text."