american black bear species

Thus, if you like bears and wish to protect them, it is your responsibility to do your part to make sure that there are no attractants for the animals where you live. The Kermode Bear lives on the central coast of British Columbia, Found natively in eastern TX, LA, and southern MS. The American black bear is the mascot of the University of Maine and Baylor University, where the university houses two live American black bears on campus. [35] However, in the aforementioned case of the spree attack in Liard River Hot Springs, the attacking bear was believed to have been previously almost fully dependent on a local garbage dump that had closed and was starving as a result of the loss of that food source. [131], In Canada, American black bears are considered as both a big game and furbearer species in all provinces, save for New Brunswick and the Northwest Territories, where they are only classed as a big game species. Unlike the hunting of hibernating grizzlies, which was fraught with danger, black bears took longer to awaken, and was thus safer and easier. Once a deer fawn is captured, it is frequently torn apart alive while feeding. As only a small portion of this fat could be harvested for this purpose, the oil was often mixed with large quantities of hog lard. [3][4] Reportedly, the sun bear is also a relatively recent split from this lineage. Plantigrade species are slower moving animals. They have been extinct in Prince Edward Island since 1937.
American black bears living near human habitations tend to be more extensively nocturnal, while those living near brown bears tend to be more often diurnal. Common to Eastern Canada and U.S. wherever suitable habitat is found. [16], The word baribal is used as a name for the black bear in Spanish, French, Italian, German, Russian and Polish. At the age of six weeks, they attain 900 g (2.0 lb), by 8 weeks they reach 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) and by the age of 6 months they weigh 18 to 27 kg (40 to 60 lb).

These bears often eat crops, especially during autumn hyperphagia when natural foods are scarce. [77][78][79] They may even hunt prey up to the size of adult female moose, which are considerably larger than themselves, by ambushing them. At the age of six weeks, they attain 900 g (2.0 lb), by the age of eight weeks they reach 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) and by the age of six months they weigh 18 to 27 kg (40 to 60 lb). [citation needed], Game animals and shooting in North America, Lisette Waits, David Paetkau, and Curtis Strobeck, "Overview" from, McLellan, B. N. (2011). International Union for Conservation of Nature, The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, List of fatal bear attacks in North America, "Crash involving bear reported on I-485 in south Charlotte", "Mitochondrial genomes reveal an explosive radiation of extinct and extant bears near the Miocene-Pliocene boundary", "Aspects of Evolution and Adaptation in American Black Bears (, "Dispersals of Neogene Carnivorans between Asia and North America", 10.1206/0003-0090(2003)279<0018:C>2.0.CO;2, "Chapter 8. During the autumn hyperphagia, feeding becomes pretty much the full-time task of black bears.

Frequently, marginal habitats are close to rural homes, towns, or cities. [81], The hibernating American black bear does not display the same rate of muscle and bone atrophy relative to other nonhibernatory animals that are subject to long periods of inactivity due to ailment or old age. This hard mast commonly includes hickory nuts, beechnuts, hazelnuts, and a variety of acorns. Favored masts such as hazlenuts, oak acorns and whitebark pine nuts may be consumed by the hundreds each day by a single black bear during fall. On Long Island off the coast of Washington, ranges average 5 sq mi (13 km2), whereas on the Ungava Peninsula in Canada ranges can average up to 1,000 sq mi (2,600 km2), with some males bears travelling as far as 4,349 sq mi (11,260 km2) in times of food shortages. Their large paws also have black or gray-brown claws that are short and rounded.

After these prehistoric Ursids went extinct during the last glacial period 10,000 years ago, black bears were probably the only bear present in much of North America until the arrival of brown bears to the rest of the continent.[11]. Although found in the largest numbers in wild, undisturbed areas and rural regions, black bears can adapt to surviving in some numbers in peri-urban regions as long as they contain easily accessible foods and some vegetative coverage. Black Bears forage for fruits and nuts in the trees which they pluck off the branches using their prehensile lips, along with eating grasses, roots and bulbs on the ground and supplementing their diet with small animals like insects and rodents.

Males are generally about 4.5-6.5 ft (1.4-2.0 m) long from head to tail while females are slightly smaller, typically between 4-6 ft (1.2-1.6 m). [121] Another exceptional attack occurred in August 1997 in Liard River Hot Springs Provincial Park in Canada, when an emaciated American black bear attacked a mother and child, killing the mother and a man who intervened.
The American black bear is instead more closely related to the Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus), also known as the moon bear for its unique crescent-shaped white patch of fur on its chest. Cubs are dependent on their mother's milk for 30 weeks, and will reach independence at 16–18 months. Helarctos malayanus, or the sun-bear, which also lives in Asia and has a crescent-shaped patch of fur on its chest, is also diverged from Ursus thibetanus and Ursus americanus relatively recently. They can be found anywhere from forested areas to the beach to the alpine zone. The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. [38] Sows living in more developed areas tend to get pregnant at younger ages. The claws are short and rounded, being thick at the base and tapering to a point. [56][page needed] American black bears that live in northern coastal regions (especially the Pacific Coast) will fish for salmon during the night, as their black fur is easily spotted by salmon in the daytime. [3][4] Reportedly, the sun bear is also a relatively recent split from this lineage. [135][page needed] The most favoured cuts of the American black bear's meat are concentrated in the legs and loins. Older or heavier black bears often produce more offspring. [1], Historically, American black bears occupied the majority of North America's forested regions. In remote wild areas, black bears can live up to 30 years. Diseases rarely impact black bears. [58] A special hormone, leptin is released into the black bear's systems, to suppress appetite. [40] The average annual survival rate for adult American black bears is variable, ranging from 86% in Florida to 73% in Virginia and North Carolina. [125][126], In British Columbia, a group of American black bears were used as guard animals to protect a marijuana plantation.[127][128].

[86] There are also 19th and early 20th century records of bears killing cougar, either in defense or in territorial disputes, and occasional fights which ended in both combatants fatally wounded. However, like all wild animals, they have strong instincts that drive their behaviors such as guarding a food source. [45] In Yellowstone National Park, a population study found that adult males averaged 119 kg (262 lb) and adult females averaged 67 kg (148 lb).

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