Black to move, draw with either side to move. A rook can move vertically or horizontally to any unobstructed square along the file or rank…. The defense is most effective near the center of the board. Cochrane defense.
Like other pieces, it captures by going into the square on which an enemy piece stands.
This page was last edited on 13 August 2020, at 04:33. Compared to the Philidor Position, the kings are not opposite each other and the defending rook can prevent checkmate.
Black is in zugzwang. and the game was drawn on move 98 (Nunn 2007:162–63). The position is a draw only if there is enough room for the defending king on the side with the rooks (Nunn 2002:183–84). Accurate play is required for the defense.
, In a 2016 game between Fabiano Caruana and Peter Svidler, Caruana succeeded in achieving Philidor's Position on move 102, but failed to take advantage of the situation and the game ended in a draw 16 moves later.. A rook (from Persian رخ rokh) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Several of the moves in the perfect defence are the only move that saves the game (Hawkins 2012:196–97). It forces the black rook to the inferior third rank while preventing 5...Rd1+. The basic idea is to pin the bishop to its king when there are at least two ranks or files between it and the defending king. Unlike the Philidor position and the first Lolli position, this position is a theoretical draw.
In chess notation, the white rooks start on the a1 and h1 squares, and the black rooks start on the a8 and h8 squares.. The "second-rank defense" is a passive defense with the defending king and rook on a rank or file one over from the edge of the board (e.g. Eventually a draw was claimed by the fifty-move rule (Howell 1997:145–47).
In 1749 François-André Danican Philidor (1726–1795) published a position in which the superior side can force a win.
The second-rank defense was used by 16-year-old Magnus Carlsen in this 2007 game against Loek van Wely..
Cochrane position again, on a different side (Kosten 1987:11–12). On move 80 the same defense was set up on the b-file. This famous position was studied by and named after François-André Danican Philidor. Nevertheless, it is tricky to win (Nunn 2007:163). The game continued and the position on move 74 was a reflection of the position on move 66. This combination of material is one of the most common pawnless chess endgames.
Ulf Andersson won the position twice within a year, once against a grandmaster and once against a candidate master; and grandmaster Keith Arkell has won it 18 times out of 18 (Hawkins 2012:193).
In this position, if the pieces on the e-file were moved to the f-file, then if 1.Ke5, the response 1...Kg8 puts the black king dangerously close to the corner (Nunn 2007:161ff).
An example of this defense being used in a game is this 1982 one between József Pintér and Yuri Razuvayev. On the other hand, there are several drawing techniques possible if a winning position such as the Philidor position has not been reached. This page was last changed on 18 January 2016, at 20:39.
White uses the second-rank defense. It is hard to drive the defending king to the edge. Once the king has left the back rank, hold off the attacking king for a few moves. This is another attempt by Black. This is the best place for the black rook. 2...Re3 3.Rd7+ Ke8 4.Ra7 Kf8 5.Rf7+ Ke8 6.Rf4 Kd8 7.Be4 a sequence which mirrors the main line from move 8; 2...Re1 and White wins similarly to the main line; 2...Kc8 3.Ra7 Rd8+ 4.Kc6 Kb8 5.Rb7+ Ka8 6.Rb1 Ka7 7.Kc7 and White wins.
This 1997 game between Joose Norri and Suat Atalık illustrates the second-rank defense.
The Cochrane Defense works when: The Cochrane defense can also be used with a rook against a rook and knight (Howell 1997:150). This is shown in the diagram below. It seems that White is in zugzwang and any rook move loses (93.Rc1 Rh2+ 94.Kd1 Kd3), but White has a good move. If the kings are on a rank or file on the edge of the board the position is a win, but by a different method (de la Villa 2008:211–13). The rook moves forward or back on the files through any number of squares without other pieces on them, and sideways on the ranks.
 White cannot reach the Cochrane Defense.
The Cochrane Defense was also used in this 1982 game between Ljubomir Ljubojević and Lajos Portisch. Edmar Mednis estimated that less than 4% of starting positions that occur in games are theoretical wins (Mednis 1996:80). Move the king away from the eighth rank, as near the center of the board as possible.
 After 88 moves, the position had a rook and bishop versus a rook.  For example, the longest tournament game on record is a 269-move game by Ivan Nikolić and International Master Goran Arsović. Tony Kosten has seen the endgame many times in master games, with the stronger side almost always winning (Kosten 1987:11). When recording games, it is shortened to R, and when printed a figurine is used. The defending king goes the opposite way as the attacking king. The Budnikov versus Novik game continued, with the Cochrane position being reached again.
the second or seventh rank or the b- or g-file).
The defending king can be driven to the edge of the board but then the attacker's rook is under attack, so the king cannot approach.
Szén's position is the most important for over-the-board players. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rook_(chess)&oldid=5305394, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The Cochrane position occurred again on move 114, rotated 90 degrees.
Depiction of the rook also varied considerably. Now if 93...Kd3 White has a stalemate defense with 94.Rd2+ so the black king has to back off. The position is one rank or file closer to the edge of the board than the Philidor position, so the winning method is slightly different.
This is the key idea. Being a five-piece endgame, the rook and bishop versus rook endgame has been fully analysed using computers. In chess notation, the white rooks start on the a1 and h1 squares, and the black rooks start on the a8 and h8 squares.
The rook and bishop versus rook endgame is a chess endgame where one player has just a rook, bishop and king, and the other player has only a rook and king. The Cochrane Defense was discovered by John Cochrane (1798–1878), the Szén position was discovered by József Szén (1805–1857), and there is the second-rank defense.
The Cochrane Defense is the most popular among grandmasters for this endgame (Nunn 2002:174ff). This is an exercise in domination of the black rook.
In this position from a 1991 game between Alexandar Budnikov and Maxim Novik, White would like to get his king to d6 and bishop to d5, to win by a method of Philidor (see Philidor position); however, the pin of the bishop to the king prevents it.
In Russia it was usually represented as a sailing ship until the 20th century.
Attempting to get the rook behind the black king would get to a lost Philidor Position: 87.Rc8? After 65...Rh2+ 66.Kd1 the black rook must move and the white king goes back to e2. White wins because his king has reached the sixth rank and the black king is poorly placed (opposite the white king) (Howell 1997:148–50). In the second Lolli position, the kings are one row closer to the edge than in the first Lolli position.
In 2007 Giddens (page 78) reported 16 out of 16. It has been studied many times through the years. On the 132nd move, White reached a Szén position for the fourth time. If 11...Rc2 or 11...Rc1, then 12.Be6+. Stopping the check on d3 and cutting off the rook entirely. The winning line only works if the white rook is on b7 or f7. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The game was drawn on the 138th move (Benko 2007:98–99).
Now White completes the following maneuvers, getting the bishop back to d5 with gain of tempo.
József Szén discovered the Szén position, a defensive drawing position. Black could make no progress and the game was drawn after 109 moves (Nunn 2009:200). The rook and king also take part in a special move called castling.
Answer Kd5 with ...Kf8, and Kf5 by ...Kd8. Many of the longest chess games on record involve this endgame since at one time the fifty-move rule under which a draw could be claimed after fifty moves with no capture was extended to one-hundred moves for this combination of material.
White was in zugzwang and had to temporarily leave the second rank. If this type of position arises, it is usually because of inferior defense. Kd1!, reaching the Szén position.  In positions that have a forced win, up to 59 moves are required (Speelman, Tisdall & Wade 1993:382).
White alternates his rook between c2 and d2 until Black tries to penetrate. The problem is that it’s not always that easy and unless you have practiced this end game, you may find yourself in a tricky situation.
Chess rook definition is - a representation of the rook in chess in a shape now obsolete. The diagram shows the position after 101. Anatoly Karpov played a rook versus rook and bishop ending in a 2003 game with 15-year-old Teimour Radjabov, which went 113 moves before an indignant Karpov claimed a draw by invoking the 50-move rule with only 14 seconds remaining on the game clock. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Drive the rook away from the seventh rank at the first opportunity. the defending rook pins the bishop to the king on one of the four central files (, there are two or more ranks or files (respectively) between the kings (. The queen vs rook endgame usually ends with a win for the side with the queen. Each player has two rooks (formerly also known as castles), which begin the game on the corner squares a1 and h1 for White, a8 and h8 for Black. The rook moves forward or back on the files through any number of squares without other pieces on them, and sideways on the ranks.This is shown in the diagram below.  The last 103 moves had this material and the game ended in a draw. Or 4...Kc8 5.Ra7 Rb1 6.Rf7 Kb8 7.Rf8+ Ka7 8.Ra8+ Kb6 (White wins because the chessboard has only eight files) 9.Rb8+. How to use rook in a sentence. Like the Clockwork Knight and Bishop, the Rook is a mechanical creature generally found around Maxwell's parts of the world (Chess terrain and the Wooden Thing). Its name derives from its name in the old IndoArabic game (see History of chess). There are some key ideas for the defender to observe: and the position is back to the basic Cochrane position, rotated 90 degrees, and the fifty-move rule is closer to coming into effect.
The Clockwork Rook is the combination of a rhino and a rook chess piece. If 11...Rd3 12.Ra4 and checkmate or loss of the rook since the bishop covers b3.
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